Print

Artichoke

Background

Artichokes are an edible flower bud that originated in the Mediterranean. The vegetable grows tall in height and the flower buds are wide in diameter. The lower portion of the flower is known as the “heart” and is the edible part of the vegetable. The early Romans and Greeks harvested artichokes due to their medicinal and health enhancing qualities. Today, artichoke hearts are consumed in many areas of the world.

 

Benefits

  • Folate: Essential in our diet as our bodies cannot make this B vitamin. Folate plays a vital role in normal growth and development, and is therefore especially important for women of childbearing age.
  • Vitamin C: This vitamin has many roles, including its ability to enhance iron absorption, prevent cell damage and support our immune function.
  • Potassium: Important for nerve and muscle function, as well as blood pressure control
  • Dietary fibre: Helps us feel full and satisfied and can help with weight management. Fibre can also help control blood glucose (blood sugar) levels, keeps us regular and has the potential to lower cholesterol levels.
  • Antioxidants: Beta-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin protect our cells from environmental or age related damage
  • Lactones: The bitter principles cynarin and sesquiterpene, known as lactones, contained may help to inhibit cholesterol synthesis and increase it’s excretion from the body.

 

Nutritional Value of 1/2 cup of artichokes

  • 47 calories
  • 11 g carbohydrate
  • 3 g protein
  • 3 g fat
  • 3 g fibre
  • 36% of daily recommended folate intake
  • 10% of daily vitamin C needs
  • 7% of daily potassium requirements

 

Did you know

Artichokes are technically a flower that has not yet bloomed! One artichoke plant can produce more than 20 artichokes per year. The top artichoke producers in the world are Spain, France and Italy.

 

Recipes:

 

Vivapedia Groups:

  • Vegetables
  • Immune health
  • Heart health
  • Brain/ Eye/ Nerve Health