Humans have been drinking animal milk for thousands of years. Over time, we have commercialized milk production to make it safe and large-scale. Today, there is a variety of milk available including skim milk, 1%, 2%, whole milk, lactose free milk and a variety of non-dairy milk alternative beverages! Goats milk is also widely available, though the most common type of milk consumed is cow’s milk.  


  • A great source of calcium, the nutrient it is most known for! Calcium is needed for strong bones, muscles, and other important roles like generating your heartbeat. 
  • A source of phosphorous, which is an important micronutrient used in bones, teeth, and general growth and development. 
  • A great source of potassium, which is crucial to your nervous systems, muscle function, blood pressure and more. 
  • An excellent source of Vitamin D! Vitamin D helps strengthen our immune system and is needed for proper absorption of calcium.  

Nutritional Value of 1 cup (250 ml) of 1% Milk

  • 110 calories 
  • 13.0 g carbohydrates  
  • 0 g fibre       
  • 9.0 g protein 
  • 2.5 g fat 
  • 31% DV calcium 
  • 17% DV Vitamin D 

Did You Know

Vitamin D is one of the most common nutrients for Canadians to be deficient in. In Canada, all cow’s milk is required to be fortified with Vitamin D as an easy way for Canadians to get an excellent source of this nutrient. Some non-dairy beverages like soy milk must also be fortified with Vitamin D to be considered a milk alternative.